Many people will cite insomnia when they've simply had a poor night's sleep or experienced symptoms of insomnia disorder, but insomnia is a clinical diagnosis of consistent sleep problems that interfere with daily functioning. Patients' biggest issues with the disorder include feelings of non-restful sleep or daytime fatigue, anxiety, depression and pain.
Women, people over 60 and people with severe stress or a medical or mental health condition are most at risk for developing insomnia. Someone with insomnia also has an increased risk for heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and possibly dementia.
Before seeing your healthcare professional, look into making simple changes to your sleep behaviours, such as slowly reducing caffeine and alcohol intake, keeping electronics out of the bedroom, and ensure your bedroom is dark, cool and quiet.
Medications for sleep should be used with caution . Avoid over the counter medications for sleep as they can have dangerous effects such as slowed thinking, confusion and the tendency to lose your balance.